The National Museum of Damascus
museum contains a world-class archaeological and historical
collection. There are two wings to this Museum, the east wing and
the west wing. The west wing contains pre-classical and Arab Islamic
collections, and the east wing contains Classical and Byzantine
collections. The façade of this museum is fragments of the
twin-towered gateway of Qasr al Heir.
The west wing has rooms devoted to Ras Shamra (Ugarit) with small
clay tablets of what is known to be the oldest Alphabet in the
world, the Ugaritic Alphabet. It also contains the ivory head of an
unknown prince, a collection of cylinder seals, and Mycenaean
pottery imported from Greece. Another room is devoted to Mari, the
Bronze Age sight on the Euphrates. Here you will find the 3rd
Millennium treasure of King Cansud. Further on, you will find
a room concentrating on finds from Raqqa, the Abbassid city on the
Euphrates. Another hall contains Islamic jewelry, coins and armor,
and the final hall is the Damascus
Salon, a wood-and-marble paneled room from an 18th-century palace.
for the east wing, there are a few rooms exhibiting pottery,
sculptures and glassware ranging from the Phoenicians to the
classical periods. There are rooms concentrating on the Hauran and
Jebel al Arab, where most objects are made of Basalt. Another hall
contains classical statues carved in ivory, bronze, and marble,
which were found at Palmyra. Further on lies the Palmyra room and
adjacent to that is the Doura Europos room.
The most popular part of the museum is the 2nd century AD
Synagogue that has been reconstructed. Its walls are covered with
Talmudic injunctions and paintings of human figures that are in
scenes from the Scriptures.